Header image  
on Cosmic Rays and Astrophysics  
   August 25 to September 5, 2008




Pasquale Blasi National Institute for Astrophysics, Italy blasi@arcetri.astro.it High Energy Astrophysics
Ralph Engel Karlsruhe, Germany Ralph.Engel@ik.fzk.de High Energy Cosmic Ray Interactions
Piero Galeotti University of Torino, Italy piero.galeotti@unito.it Neutrino Astrophysics
Johannes Knapp Leeds University, UK j.knapp@leeds.ac.uk Air Shower Simulation
Silvia Mollerach Bariloche, Argentina mollerach@CAB.CNEA.GOV.AR Anisotropy studies techniques
Giani Navarra University of Torino, Italy navarra@to.infn.it Detectors of Cosmic Rays, Gamma-Rays and Neutrinos
Stephane Coutu Pennsylvania State Universiyty, USA coutu@phys.psu.edu Direct Meaurements of Cosmic rays (up to around TeV)
Andrea Santangelo Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Germany andrea.santangelo@astro.uni-tuebingen.de TeV Gamma Ray Astronomy
Gavin Rowell University of Adelaide, Australia


TeV Gamma Ray Astronomy
Antonella Castellina National Institute for Astrophysics, Italy castelli@to.infn.it Cosmic Rays up to about the Knee region (10^15 eV)
Paul Sommers Pennsylvania State Universiyty, USA sommers@phys.psu.edu Cosmic Rays above the Knee region
John Nousek Pennsylvania State Universiyty, USA nousek@astro.psu.edu Gamma Ray Burst and Photons as UHECR
Jose Valdes UNAM, Mexico jfvaldes@geofisica.unam.mx Solar Modulation
Andrew Taylor Heidelberg, Germany andrew.taylor@mpi-hd.mpg.de Links of Highest Energy Cosmic Rays, Neutrinos
and Gamma-rays (above 10^18 eV).


List of Invited Talks

  • The Pierre Auger Experiment
    (Paul Sommers, The Pennsylvania State University, USA)

  • The HESS Experiment
    (Gavin Rowell, University of Adelaide, Australia)

  • The IceCube Experiment
    (Thomas Gaisser, Bartol Research Institute, USA)

  • The KASCADE Experiment
    (Vitor de Souza, Karlsruhe, Germany)

  • The JEM-EUSO Experiment
    (Andrea Santangelo, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Germany)

  • The Swift Experiment
    (John Nousek, The Pennsylvania State University, USA)

  • The Jicamarca Radio Observatory
    (Jorge L. Chau, Jicamarca Radio Observatory, Perú)

  • Cosmic Ray projects in Perú High Altitude sites in Peru for cosmic ray detectors.

  • The LAGO Experiment
    (Xavier Bertou, Bariloche, Argentina - bertou@cab.cnea.gov.ar)

  • Atmospheric Monitoring Techniques Relevant for Cosmic Rays Detectors
    (Roberto Mussa, University of Torino, Italy - mussa@to.infn.it)

  • Atmospheric Fluorescence Light
    (Fernando Arqueros, Universidad Complutense de Madrid., Spain - arqueros@gae.ucm.es)

  • Cosmic Rays in Peru
    (Jose Ishitsuka, Instituto Geofisico del Peru, pepe@geo.igp.gob.pe)

  • Cosmic Rays in Chile
    (Enrique Cordaro, Universidad de Chile, ecordaro@dfi.uchile.cl)

  • Neutron Spectrum Measurements in Hight Altitude Experiments
    (Alba Zanini, University of Torino, Italy - zanini@to.infn.it)


Introductory Lectures

There will be two or three days prior to the School for very introductory lectures. This lectures will be given in Spanish and will be aimed to local students (other latinamerican students are welcome).

  • Uncertainty in experimental measurements
  • Elementary Particle Physics (Javier Solano)
  • Introduction to Cosmic Rays Physics (Oscar Saavedra)
  • Interaction of radiation with matter (Johana Chirinos)
  • Common detectors (scintillator, MWPC, GM, Cerenkov tanks) and Cosmic Rays, Gamma Ray and Neutrino Detectors (José Bellido)
  • Introduction to Astrophysics: structure of the Universe, astrophysical objects (Johana Chirinos)
  • Radioactivity, neutrinos and the ANGRA proyect in Brazil (Edgar Casimiro, CINVESTAV, México)

    Topics Covered in Each Lecture


    High Energy Astrophysics

    • Cosmic Ray Acceleration
      • Diffusive acceleration at non relativistic shocks
      • Diffusive acceleration at relativistic shocks
      • Non linear theory of particle acceleration: dynamical reaction
      • Non linear theory of particle acceleration: magnetic field amplification
      • Maximum energy of accelerated particles and Galactic Cosmic Rays
      • Other acceleration mechanisms
    • Transport of cosmic rays: from diffusion to ballistic motion
      • The diffusion regime and the wave-particle interactions
      • Connections with observables (spectrum, chemical composition, anisotropies)
      • Ballistic motion: small angle deflections
    • From Galactic cosmic rays to ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs)
      • The end of the Galactic spectrum
      • Three possible transition models
      • UHECRs: sources and transport
      • ultifrequency observations of UHECR sources

    Neutrino Astrophysics

    • Neutrinos as elementary particles: leptons and quarks, fundamental interactions, Dirac or Majorana neutrinos, neutrino mass and oscillations.
    • Solar internal structure: thermonuclear reactions and neutrino emission.
    • Solar neutrinos experiments: results and consequences on neutrino properties.
    • Final stages of stellar evolution: supernova explosion and neutron star formation.
    • Neutrinos from gravitational stellar collapses: emission and detection.

    Air Shower Simulations

    • Air showers: a statistical process
    • Why numerical simulations?
    • Corsika: features, performance, limitations
    • Some simulation techniques

    Anisotropy Studies

    • point sources search
    • cross correlations
    • broad scale correlations
    • Statistical analysis
    • Anisotropy results

    Direct Measurements of Cosmic rays (up to around TeV)

    • satellite experiments
    • balloon experiments

    Solar Modulation

    • Lecture I
      • The Sun and the Solar Wind
      • Solar Cycle and Solar Activity
      • The Heliosphere
    • Lecture II
      • Solar Modulation of Cosmic Rays
      • Solar Cosmic Rays
      • The Earth's Magnetosphere
      • Cosmic Rays Asymptotic arrival directions
    • Lecture III
      • Asymptotic cones, Umbra and Penumbra
      • Worldwide net of Cosmic Ray Detectors
      • Cosmic Rays and the Earth's Climate

    Links of Highest Energy Cosmic Rays, Neutrinos and Gamma-rays (above 10^18 eV).

    • High Energy Proton and Nuclei Interactions During Propagation
    • High Energy Neutrino Flux Generated in the Source and During Propagation
    • High Energy Photon Flux Production and Subsequent Cascades
    • What the Different Species Fluxes at Earth Can Tell Us

    Air-fluorescence radiation

    • The fluorescence technique for the detection of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays
    • Fluorescence emission and deposited energy
    • The dependence of fluorescence intensity on atmospheric parameters
    • Experimental determination of the fluorescence yield
    • Actual status of our knowledge on air-fluorescence emission