Australian Institute of Physics

South Australian Branch


7:30 pm, Tuesday November 11th 1997


NASA Astronaut

Scott E. Parazynski (M.D.)

in the FLENTJE Lecture Theatre

Plaza Building, The University of Adelaide

(go down the steps at the NorthEast corner of Hughes Plaza,

or enter from the Horace Lamb building)

Dr Parazynski received a bachelor of science degree in biology

from Stanford University in 1983, continuing on to graduate with

honors from Stanford Medical School in 1989. While in medical

school, he conducted research on fluid shifts that occur during

human space flight. He has been involved in the design of several

exercise devices that are being developed for long-duration space

flight, and has conducted research on high-altitude acclimatization.

Dr. Parazynski has numerous publications in the field of space

physiology, and has a particular expertise in human adaptation to

stressful environments.

A veteran of two space flights, STS-66 in 1994 and STS-86 in

1997, Dr. Parazynski has logged over 521 hours in space including

over 5 hours of EVA (extravehicular activity).

The STS-66 Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-3

(ATLAS-3) mission was part of an on-going program to determine the

earth's energy balance and atmospheric change over an 11-year solar

cycle, particularly with respect to humanity's impact on global

ozone distribution. Dr. Parazynski had responsibility for a number

of on-orbit activities including operation of the ATLAS experiments

and Spacelab Pallet, as well as several secondary experiments in

the crew cabin. He and his crewmates also successfully evaluated

the Interlimb Resistance Device, a free-floating exercise he

developed to prevent musculoskeletal atrophy in microgravity.

STS-86 Atlantis (September 25 to October 6, 1997) was the

seventh mission to rendezvous and dock with the Russian Space

Station "Mir". Dr. Parazynski served as the flight engineer (MS2)

during the flight, and was also the navigator during the rendezvous.

Dr. Parazynski and Russian cosmonaut Vladimir Titov performed a

5 hour, 1 minute spacewalk during which they retrieved four

experiment packages first deployed during the STS-76 Shuttle-Mir

docking mission. They also deployed the Spektr Solar Array Cap

which may be used in a future Mir spacewalk to seal a leak in the

Spektr module's damaged hull. Other objectives of EVA included the

evaluation of common EVA tools to be used by astronauts wearing

either Russian or American-made spacesuits, and a systems flight

test of the Simplified Aid for EVA Rescue (SAFER).